World

James P Allison and Tasuku Honjo awarded with Nobel Prize

James P Allison and Tasuku Honjo  awarded with Nobel Prize

 An American and a Japanese scientist are presented with a Noble Prize 2018 in medicine or physiology for discovering the revolutionary way for the treatment of cancer.
Both James and Tasuku will share the prize of 9m Swedish kronor (£775,000) that was announced by the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm.
The noble prize winner scientists had found out that the body immune system can be bound to attack cancer cells.
The immune system normally seeks out and destroys mutated cells, but cancer cells find sophisticated ways to hide from immune attacks, allowing them to thrive and grow. Many types of cancer do this by ramping up a braking mechanism that keeps immune cells in check.
The innovation is transforming cancer treatments and has led to a new class of drugs that work by switching off the braking mechanism, prompting the immune cells to attack cancer cells. The drugs have significant side effects, but have been shown to be effective – including, in some cases, against late-stage cancers that were previously untreatable.